The Kingdom of Cambodia consists of 24 states and the capital Phnom Penh. Here are some of the major cities.
Phnom Penh រាជធានីភ្នំពេញ
～The vibrant capital city of Cambodia～
Phnom Penh, the capital of Kingdom of Cambodia, extents to the intersection of three rivers, Mekong, Tonle Sap, and Bassac river. With a population of about 2.13 million, the political and economic center is lush with a mixture of many Buddhist temples and Western style building, that remain since French Colonial Period. The city was developed by France during the reign, creating a beautiful cityscape that can be hailed as “Paris of the East” and “Oasis of Indochina”.
The current city of Phnom Penh, which was built on the basis of city planning, has well-organized and easy-to-understand road sections. The city system is being improved year by year, and the number of hotels and shops for foreigners is increasing rapidly due to the construction rush that changes the cityscape rapidly. The town is full of young energy.
Phnom Penh is the capital of the Kingdom of Cambodia and is a special city that does not belong to any province. In 2010, many villages from Kandal Province were divided into Khan Dangkao and Khan Pou Sen Chey. The current Phnom Penh has 14 Khans, and the area has doubled from 376.17 km2 to 678.46 km2, which is almost the same size as the 23 wards of Tokyo.
Currently, large-scale development is heading north, centered on Khan Dounpenh. On the south side, on the other hand, the construction of the third AEON MALL tore and a new international airport is springing up. On the east side, large-scale housing development and highway construction are underway. The capital city of Phnom Penh is continuing to develop at a dizzying pace.
Boeng Keng Kang
The area extending to the lower left from the Independence Monument Tower at the intersection of Sihanouk Road and Norodom Road. Especially, BKK1 is a branded area where many foreigners and wealthy Cambodians live.
The area below Sihanouk Street faces the river, including Diamond Island, and is home to government agencies, the first AEON MALL, Naga World Casino, and the fashionable back alley Bassac Lane.
It is a newly developed district in a high-class residential area with a Russian street connecting Phnom Penh International Airport and the city center. Many condominiums are under construction as a development site next to the BKK area.
It is a peninsula area located at the confluence of the Mekong River and Tonle Sap Lake. There is a garden city in the north, and sanitary city development is progressing. There is a plan to build a bridge and it is about to become an important base.
This is the northwestern area of central Phnom Penh, where there is a Japanese school and the second AEON MALL. The rapid development of housing and infrastructure has taken place in the last 10 years, and the speed of multi-family housing and commercial development has been remarkable.
This is the area where Hun Sen Boulevard runs from the center of Phnom Penh to the planned site of the new international airport. With the development of the new international airport, the third AEON MALL , and ING CITY, it has become a attention area.
Sihanoukville ក្រ ុងក្ពោះ ី ៃុ
～Resort city with a maritime business center～
Sihanoukville is a coastal province in Cambodia facing the Gulf of Thailand with about 230km from southwest of Phnom Penh and about 35 minutes by plane. It has attractive tourist elements such as diving spots and remote islands surrounded by sandy beaches.
There also great numbers of ferries go to Koh Rong, currently most popular island. Marine products have been exported to neighboring countries such as Thailand, because of the rich fishing ground in Sihanouk.
It also has the Sihanoukville International Port, which has the only deep quay in Cambodia, and is a base for maritime trade. Most of Cambodia’s marine imports are done through here, and the number of containers also continue to grow. There is a special economic zone near the port, which is connected to Phnom Penh by rail.
A national highway from Koh Kong province, which connects to the Thai border, has also been developed, and from around 2016, large scale development is progressing with the entry of Chinese companies. It is an entertainment city with the most casino hotels in Cambodia.
The construction of the first highway in Cambodia connecting Phnom Penh to Sihanoukville, 190km, which has begun in March 2019 and was completed in the mid-point of May 2021.
Siem Reap ខេត្តខ ៀមរាប
～World famous Angkor historical site～
Siem Reap is a province, which locate on the north side of Tonle Sap Lake, about 250km from the northwest of Phnom Penh and about 45 minutes by plane. It is a place, where the king from Angkor era built to impress their power, and well-known with the historical ruin like Angkor Wat and Beng Mealea, which was said to be a model for Castel in the sky by Raputa.
Population growth is remarkable even in Cambodia, and the city is also famous with marine products, which is sought on both sides of the Siem Reap River. As for the central part of the city, Old Market and Pub Street are the most famous and crowd with people form morning until late at night.
Hotels and restaurants are being constructed and renovated year by year, and the appearance of the city is changing rapidly. A step away from the central of the city, there are beautiful rice fields and mysteriously deep green forest.
The construction of the new Siem Reap Angkor International Airport, which was 50km from the old Siem Reap Airport, has begun in March 2020, and is scheduled to be completed by 2023.
Kandal ខេត្តរណាត ល្
～Commuter town surrounding Phnom Penh～
Kandal extends around the capital city of Phnom Penh, and is a province that is drawing attention with the plan of the new Phnom Penh International Airport in 2023. It is a commuter town area like Chiba, Saitama and Kanagawa in Japan. 60% of the residents commute to Phnom Penh.
There are many factories with large foreign capital, and many people from rural areas come to work. The new port river port of Phnom Penh was completed in 2013, and Cambodia’s first agricultural inspection station was opened in 2019.
In 2020, a project that will catch future gaze has started, such as the start of the development of a large 6ha land of small and medium size enterprise cluster.
Koh kong ខកាោះរុង
～A border town where eco-tourism resort is continuing to develop～
Koh Kong is a seaside town on the Thai border facing the Gulf of Thailand next to Sihanoukville, about four hours and a half drive from Phnom Penh. Since the opening of the Koh Kong Bridge in 2002, access from the border has become easier and the number of Western tourists is increasing.
The city is divided into Thai border casino area and a central area, with hotels and bungalow restaurants on the riverside. Untouched Mother Nature such as vast mangrove forest, the remote islands spread around Koh Kong and there also a safari park, and in recent years it has become a very popular area for Cambodians such as resort and eco-tourism development including floating tent type cottages is also in progress.
Dara Sakor International Airport, which is under construction in Koh Kong Province, will be completed soon. The opening day is expected to be in early 2022.
～Famous as a production area for fragrant pepper～
Kamport is located between Sihanoukville and the Vietnam border, about 110km from the east of Sihanoukville and about 3 hours by car from Phnom Penh. The remaining beaches face the Gulf of Thailand and, the city is spread out along the Kompong Bai River.
In the centered around the rotary where the statue of Durian stands, there are collection of hotels, fashionable cafes, restaurants, markets, bank, etc. and, are well integrated the modern part with the Cambodia’s traditional style.
Bokor Mountain in Kampot is ideal for trekking, with a casino hotel on the top. It is also famous as the world’s finest pepper producing area.
An international port, which was located in the economic corridor of Southern Cambodia, has been constructed and is expected to connect Kampot province with the rest of the world.
～The center of northwestern Cambodia where coronial architecture remain～
Battambang is an important transit point, which connect Phnom Penh and Thai border, about 300km from the northwest of Phnom Penh and about 7 hours by car. It has a large population and, located in the center of northwest Cambodia. The town, which spread out along the Sangke River that flows into Tonle Sap Lake, is full of liveliness with three large markets.
It is blessed with soil and is a region where rice crop is so popular that it is called the Cambodia Rice Bowl. It is also famous as a place of art, and the number of foreigner living in and foreign tourists is increasing year by year, and infrastructure development is progressing. It is one of the cities where future tourism development is expected.